Discovery, producing organism and structure (1-8)
Macrosphelides A-D, J and K were isolated from a culture broth of the fungal strain FO- 5050 and recognized as cell-adhesion inhibitors (1-5). It was reported by Numata et al that macrosphelides E-I, L were isolated from another fungal strain (6-8). The total syntheses of macrosphelides have been reported by several groups (4).
Physical data (Macrosphelide A) (1-5)
Colorless needles. C16H22O8 ; mol wt 342.13. Sol. in CHCl3, MeOH, EtOAc. Insol. in hexane.
1) Inhibition of cell adhesion (1,3)
Macrosphelide (MS) A showed potent inhibitory activity against cell adhesion of human leukemia cell (HL-60) to LPS-activated human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC), with an IC50 value of 3.5 µM. The IC50 values of macrosphelides B, C and D were 36, 67.5 and 25 µM, respectively. The IC50 values of both macrosphelides J and K were greater than 100 µg/ml. Macrosphelide A and B did not show any cytocidal activities at a concentration of 100 µg/ml.
2) MSB suppressed metastasis through inhibition of adhesion of sLex/E-selectin
MSB inhibits adhesion of sialyl Lewisx (sLex)-expressing HL-60 cells to LSP-activated (E-selectin-expressing) HUVECs in vitro. When MSB was administered to B16/BL6 mice at 20 mg/kg/day, lung metastatic nodules of B16/BL6 mouse melanoma cells (B16/BL6 cells) were significantly decreased (T/C = 45%). Flow cytometry analysis showed that B16/BL6 cells expressed high levels of sLex antigens. Under in vitro conditions, B16/BL6 cells demonstrated a greater degree of adhesion to LSP-activated HUVECs, but adhesion was significantly inhibited by MSB and sLex antibodies. Combined therapy of MSB and cisplatin (CDDP) induced remarkable lung metastasis inhibition without the adverse effects, of CDDP to the host.
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